How to build a WormBase Virtual Machine
WormBase Virtual Machines are created for each release of the database. This process is almost entirely scripted, created from base virtual machines that run all the time and are automatically kept up-to-date with the production nodes.
To simplify the download and update process, WormBase virtual machines are split into modules. The primary virtual machine contains all software and configuration running under CentOS 5 (for servers) or Ubuntu 6.06 (for desktops). Databases are maintained as virtual disks (VMDKs).
Creation of a new VM requires three steps:
1. Syncing the software to the staging rsync module hosted on the main WormBase development site.
2. Creation of VMDKs for available databases.
3. Tarring and gzipping.
The process is described in more detail below.
Quick Start Guide
1. Log on to the host machine
2. Shutdown the appropriate guest.
vmware-cmd <cfg> shutdown
Tip: The vmware-cmd command has a bunch of options for interacting with running VMXs. Try vmware-cmd --help for information
3. Attach some virtual disks
4. Reboot the guest
vmware-cmd <cfg> start
5. Log on to the guest
vmware-cmd <cfg> getguestinfo "ip" ssh wormbase@[ip] ; pass = wormbase
6. Update the software (optional: should already be up-to-date as this runs under cron)
7. Build the VMDKs
Note: you will need root privs on the VM to mount/unmount VMDKs and ssh access to transfer DBs from brie3!
8. Shutdown the guest and package the new VMX from the host
./package_vmx.sh WS180 YYYY.MM.DD
Core Virtual Machines
Currently, I maintain a one core virtual machine, running CentOS 5 configured in particular for use as a server. It contains a lot of other superfluous things that make it useful as a desktop.
This core virtual machine is essentially a production node virtualized. This makes them very convenient for development, testing, and even stop-gap emergency server recovery.
The key difference between the core machine and a production server is the location of database directories. On live nodes, the databases are maintained on the local file structure. In the virtual machines, databases are maintained as separate virtual disks (VMDKs). This makes it possible to update the software and databases independently, a great advantage when it comes to maintain mirror sites.
Since databases are maintained as virtual disks, the virtual machine needs to know where to find them in order to launch. For the core virtual machine, the directory structure looks like this:
WSXXX/ | --wormbase-live-server/wormbase.vmx --database/ | --acedb/ --autocomplete/ --c_elegans/ --other_species/ --support/ --current_databases -> databases
Thus, the virtual machine expects the databases to be located at :
Users and groups
The core virtual machines have the following users and groups:
The main user is WormBase User:
Login: wormbase pass: wormbase home: /home/wormbase
root is wermbace. Don't tell anyone.
Updating the software
Software on the base virtual machines is kept in sync with the shell script ~wormbase/bin/pull_software.sh. This script syncs to the production nodes every day and is set to run under non-privileged cron every day.
* 2 * * * /home/wormbase/bin/pull_software.sh
Updating the databases
Updating the databases for the core virtual machine is a bit of a misnomer. What we will really do is populate new empty virtual disks with the current databases. Here's how.
Shutdown the core virtual machine:
vmare-cmd <cfg> shutdown
Run the prepare_virtual_machine.sh script:
This will set up a directory structure like this and untar some empty VMDKs:
wormbase-live-server/wormbase.vmx databases/ current_databases -> databases
It's important that the databases maintain this relative structure or they will not be available to the VMX.
Reboot and log on to the core virtual machine.
Run the database script.
You will need to be me. Sorry, I haven't fixed this yet.
House-cleaning of the core virtual machine
It's good to periodically clean the guest OS. This includes defragging and purging temporary files to keep the size of the virtual machine in check. Here's a general outline.
1. Start the guest OS.
2. In the guest, purge things like access logs, tarballs, etc
3. Shrink the disk in the guest by first zeroing empty space
todd> sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/empty_file todd> rm /empty_file
4. Shutdown the guest
5. Defragment the disk from the VMWare console:
Edit options > Hard Disk > Defrag the disk
6. Restart the guest
7. Finish shrinking the disk using the vmware-toolbox:
todd> vmware-toolbox (select shrink)